Situated literally, deep in the heart of Texas, right in the middle of the State is, Camp Bowie Army Base. It is named of course, after the famous Texas Patriot of the Mexican American War and, is the third Base to have been named in his honor. Camp Bowie is a training center for the United States National Guard and, is on the outskirts of the Town of Brownwood, TX. Although, the facility is still very active in military training, it is but a remnant of it's former glory during World War II.

Cost of Living: Because the area is very rural and as much as 21% of the local population are below the poverty line, cost of living here is well below the National Average by around 12%.

Automated Telephone Attendant Number: (325) 643-3055

Base Population: Only 32 full time Federal and State employees but, over 25,000 Trainees pass through the Camp each year and are housed in barracks on site.

City/Area Population: As of the 2010 census Brownwood was home to 19,288 people.

Child Development Centers: Woodland Heights Elementary at 3900 4th st. Brownwood, Tx. 76801 (325) 646-8633 offers grades PK-5, less than ½ mile from the Base.

Brownwood Middle School is at 1600 Calvert Rd. Brownwood, TX. 76801 (325) 646-9545.

Brownwood High School at 2100 Slayden St. Brownwood Tx. 76801 (325) 646-9549.

Youth Programs: The Boys and Girls Club hosts a Chapter here with many adult supervised activities for ages 6-18 years. They can be reached at (325) 641-2582 for details.

Family and Readiness Center: Family Services Center, Inc provides a variety of services for family readiness as well as other services to help with parenting skills, anger management, and more. To learn more you can contact them at (325) 646-5939 or Toll Free (866) 211-2255

Employment: No civilians are employed at this Camp. For Brownwood employment opportunities contact http://brownwoodbusiness.com/jobs.

 Base Services: Camp Bowie is not a permanent Post Assignment for Service Personnel therefore, all Base Services are strictly military training.

History

Camp Bowie holds a significant importance in US History for several reasons. With the threat of war looming in 1940, President Roosevelt activated the National Guard and the War Department was quick to respond is establishing new Bases across the Country. Brownwood was chosen as the site for a new training Base for the 36th  Division of the Texas National Guard and work began by September of that year. It was the first such Defense Project in the State and, over 15,000 men were employed in its construction.

The new Base was to include Artillery ranges, Rifle Ranges and, Maneuvering Grounds for the Infantry. The total area of Bowie soon swelled to 115,000 acres.

By the time war did break out in Dec.1942, the Base had become one of the largest training Camps in the Country and at it's peak it housed over 60,000 troops for combat training in eight Divisions. Then, with the defeat of Erwin Rommel's Afrika Corps in 1943 Camp Bowie had the distinction of hosting some 2,700 German POW's for the duration of the War.

After the Great War the Defense Department declared much of the land and facilities surplus and it was handed over to the Civilian War Assets Administration for distribution and liquidation.

Although, Camp Bowie’s  Hay Days may have passed, it still remains very important for training several different units of the Texas and National Guards. Since 2006 over 400,000 Service Personnel have received training at this Base.

Units

The US. Army National Guard, The Texas National Guard, and Texas State Guard are trained at this base.

Housing

All Training Personnel are provided with housing while at Camp Bowie. Billeting can be reached at (325) 643-3055. For off Base Personnel, Brownwood offers plenty of affordable housing available.

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